Should wisdom teeth be extracted?

Should wisdom teeth be extracted?

One of the most important issues related to oral and dental health is wisdom teeth. From infancy to adolescence, it is the last of the tooth groups that come out gradually, “20 teeth.”  It is called by this name because they grow between the ages of 17 – 21, but it is possible to come across individuals whose teeth have not yet grown in their 20s, although they are in their 50s. Wisdom teeth, which are the third molars, make a great contribution to the chewing function when aligned with all other teeth in the correct position. However, in some cases, these teeth may need to be extracted.

Most people have problems with their wisdom teeth. Sometimes there is not enough space for the teeth to come out and this causes the tooth to come out in an impacted way. Lateral protrusion of the tooth that should have come out straight; It causes pressure on the teeth in front of it, congestion in the mouth and difficulties in closing. A wisdom tooth that has not completely grown may contain food, plaque, etc. that will accumulate in the area between the impacted tooth and the gingival cavity, causing wastes and infection caused by bacteria. This condition spreads to other teeth along with saliva.

The most common problems caused by unextracted wisdom teeth are:

  • Pain
  • Infection
  • Damaging the neighbor teeth
  • Gingival disease
  • Cyst

Experts speculate about the function of wisdom teeth, as they cause many problems and are not vital to chewing function. The idea that it is an element, a reflection of the ongoing and changing eating habits throughout human history is widely accepted. Because the soft foods consumed today have caused the need for wisdom teeth to disappear. It is also known that modern jaw structures are smaller than in prehistoric times.

If the wisdom teeth do not cause any problems for the person, there is no need for them to be extracted. They are useful for chewing function if there is no caries, no position disorder and all wisdom teeth are present in the mouth. However, if there is a real problem, it will be the healthiest to be extracted. When wisdom teeth begin to grow, a dentist should be consulted to decide whether extraction is needed or not. Obtaining detailed information about the growing of teeth and understanding the possibility of causing a problem in the future will come out as a result of the x-ray that the dentist will take.

If your symptoms are in line with the need for your teeth to be extracted, the extraction process is performed by a maxillofacial surgeon or dentist. It is recommended that the procedure, which is performed with local anesthesia, be performed at the earliest possible age, because the roots of the teeth will not be fully developed, and the flexibility of the jaw will not be lost. This will allow for a more comfortable extraction process. Thus, the feared pain and swelling will be largely prevented.

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